Harris, Davis Lead Lawmakers in Letter Urging Nelnet to Comply with California Student Loan Servicing Act
WASHINGTON, D.C. - Today, U.S. Senator Kamala D. Harris and Representative Susan Davis (both D-Calif.) led 5 Democratic colleagues from California in a bicameral letter to student loan servicing company Nelnet, rejecting the company’s claim that federal law preempts its subsidiary Great Lakes Educational Loan Services from complying with California’s Student Loan Servicing Act. The Act, signed into law in 2016, requires the California Department of Business Oversight to license student loan servicers operating in the state. Nelnet’s basis for noncompliance is a recent notice of legal interpretation on “preemption” by Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos, which the lawmakers argue has no legal basis and strongly oppose. A recent Treasury Department report also criticizes the Department of Education’s oversight of the federal student loan program and challenges Secretary DeVos’ argument that states lack the authority to regulate federal student loan servicers.
“Consumer protection has long been a responsibility shared by the federal government and the states, both within the student loan market and across the financial sector,” the lawmakers said. “We do not believe your assertion that state regulation does not apply to student loan servicing conducted by Great Lakes has basis in federal statute or is consistent with Congressional intent.”
The lawmakers continued, “We believe your legal interpretation and that of the U.S. Department of Education rejects a broad bipartisan consensus among state governors, law enforcement officials, banking regulators, and lawmakers. We are deeply concerned by Nelnet’s disregard for the rights of states and student loan borrowers. Absent a clear instruction from Congress to be able to shield your company from regulators, Nelnet and Great Lakes must comply with state law.”
Senator Harris sponsored the Student Loan Servicing Act as Attorney General of California, and during her tenure prioritized expanding students loan relief options and also held for-profit institutions such as Corinthian accountable for predatory practices.
In addition to Senator Harris and Representative Davis, the letter was signed by U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein and Representatives Mark DeSaulnier, Mark Takano, Maxine Waters, and Julia Brownley (all D-Calif.).
Full text of the letter below and available here.
August 13, 2018
Mr. Jeffrey R. Noordhoek
Chief Executive Officer
121 South 13th Street
Lincoln, Nebraska 68508
Dear Mr. Noordhoek:
We understand that Nelnet, Inc. (Nelnet) has recently indicated to the California Department of Business Oversight (DBO) that your subsidiary, Great Lakes Educational Loan Services, Inc. (Great Lakes), does not intend to comply with the provisions of our state’s Student Loan Servicing Act based on the assumption that state law does not apply to Great Lakes’ student loan servicing operations. We are alarmed by this position and believe that you should immediately reconsider.
Consumer protection has long been a responsibility shared by the federal government and the states, both within the student loan market and across the financial sector. This is not solely our position. A bipartisan group of state attorneys general has noted that “there is no principled reason” or “any justification to seek to interfere with the traditional police power of states to protect their own residents from abuses in the marketplace.” The organization representing all of our nation’s governors has opposed preemption in student loan servicing and the organization representing all of the nation’s banking regulators have indicated that “preemption by regulatory fiat runs counter to the Congressionally mandated state-federal balance in financial regulation and exceeds the Department’s authority.”
Three federal and state courts have considered the question of student loan preemption directly in the past 18 months, each of which has concluded that, as a matter of law, the Higher Education Act does not preempt state oversight of federal student loan servicers. And, your contract with the U.S. Department of Education stipulates that:
The contractor(s) will be responsible for maintaining a full understanding of all federal and state laws and regulations and FSA requirements and ensuring that all aspects of the service continue to remain in compliance as changes occur.
We do not believe your assertion that state regulation does not apply to student loan servicing conducted by Great Lakes has basis in federal statute or is consistent with Congressional intent. While Nelnet notes that its decision to ignore state law with respect to Great Lakes is aligned with the U.S. Department of Education’s recent notice of legal interpretation on “preemption” published in the Federal Register (83 FR 10619), you, your board, and your shareholders should be aware that this notice has no force of law.
We strongly opposed Secretary DeVos’ decision to issue this notice out of concern that this incorrect legal interpretation would empower the student loan industry to ignore lawful directives from state governments—creating new legal risks and increasing costs for borrowers, taxpayers, and industry. We believe Nelnet’s recent decision regarding Great Lakes is evidence that this high-stakes brinksmanship is quickly becoming standard practice. Student loan borrowers deserve better.
The Higher Education Act does not provide a statutory basis to “preempt the field” of student loan oversight. Courts across the country have affirmed this position for decades. In your decision not to seek a license for Great Lakes, it appears that you have chosen to rely on a narrow provision of federal statute which applies to state-required disclosures (20 U.S.C. 1098g) and upon the legal doctrine of “conflict preemption,” which courts must interpret narrowly in the absence of an explicit statutory basis. We believe your legal interpretation and that of the U.S. Department of Education rejects a broad bipartisan consensus among state governors, law enforcement officials, banking regulators, and lawmakers.
We are deeply concerned by Nelnet’s disregard for the rights of states and student loan borrowers. Absent a clear instruction from Congress to be able to shield your company from regulators, Nelnet and Great Lakes must comply with state law. As you are aware, student loan servicers were required to file an application with our state’s DBO by July 1, 2018. We urge you to reconsider your current position and to submit the required application for a license for Great Lakes to the DBO under the California Student Loan Servicing Act as soon as possible in order to be in full compliance with your Department of Education contract.
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